About the author:
Fernand "Fred" Sala is an International Customs Expert with more than 40 years of professional experience in 20+ countries. Fred started his carrier in 1970 at the French Customs as an Analyst at the central Customs Data Centre (CID), then as a Customs Manager and Tax Collector, and finally as a Principal Inspector in charge of coordinating all surveillance operational units, including maritime security. Since he retired from the French Customs in 2004, Fernand Sala has worked as an independent Customs Advisor in many public organisations worldwide. Over the last 5 years, Fernand Sala has been a Senior Customs Expert at the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and at Vivansa, where he supports architects and modellers with his cutting-edge expertise in the field of Customs & Trade compliance.